Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorders

What is a TMJ Disorder?

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) connects your jawbone to your skull. You have one TMJ on each side of your jaw, and any type of pain in this jaw joint and muscles that control the jaw movement can be a symptom of a TMJ disorder. The exact cause of a TMJ disorder can often be difficulty to determine, therefore visiting a specialist can give you a better diagnosis. The pain can come from a combination of factors such as arthritis, jaw injury, consistent teeth grinding, and genetics. 

Signs and Symptoms

  • Pain or tenderness of the jaw
  • Pain in the TMJ’s
  • An aching pain in and around your ear
  • A clicking or popping noise when opening and closing the mouth 


  • Improving posture in the neck and upper back muscles 
  • Ice or cold packs to areas of the joint during onset of inflammation
  • Avoid excessive gum chewing 
  • Massages or gentle self-stretching of the jaw and neck muscles 

If you have any pain during exercises, or are unsure about what you are doing, please consult your local physiotherapist before continuing.

Canadian Dental Association (n.d.). Temporomandibular Joint Disorder.
Retrieved from https://www.cda-adc.ca/en/oral_health/talk/complications/temporomandibular_disorder/