Tag Archives for " shoulder "

Superior Labral tear from Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) Tear

What is a SLAP tear?

The shoulder labrum is a ring of cartilage around the shoulder socket that stabilizes the head of the upper arm bone. As one of the most complex joints in the body, the shoulder joint is held together by an intricate network of tendons, ligaments and soft tissue. A SLAP tear is a torn piece of cartilage in the inner portion of the shoulder joint that can be caused by chronic or acute injuries, as well as aging (Knesek et al., 2012). 

Athletes participating in sports requiring repetitive overhead motions, such as baseball, swimming or weightlifting, are at risk of developing a SLAP tear over time. Acute trauma, such as falling on an outstretched arm, or quickly moving the arm over shoulder level can also be a cause of a SLAP tear. Tearing or fraying the labrum can also develop as a part of general aging, and is not uncommon in people over 40 years of age. 

Symptoms of a SLAP tear can include pain when moving or holding the shoulder in specific positions, reduced range of motion, decrease in shoulder power, locking or clicking in the shoulder, or discomfort when lifting items (Knesek et al., 2012).


If you have any pain during exercises, or are unsure about what you are doing, please consult your local physiotherapist before continuing.

Knesek, M., Skendzel, J., Dines, J., Altchek, D., Allen, A., & Bedi, A. (2012). Diagnosis and management of superior labral anterior posterior tears in throwing athletes. The American Journal of Sports Medicine. 41(2). doi:10.1177/0363546512466067

Shoulder Rotator Cuff Strain: Clock Reaches

This is a great exercise for strengthening the rotator cuff and the shoulder complex muscles after straining the rotator cuff.

Kneel with your fists on the ground and keep your spine in neutral posture with your inner core muscles engaged. Imagine there is clock face numbered 9 to 3 O’clock on the ground in front of you.

Begin by reaching the right hand to 9 O’clock and then back to the start position. Proceed to continue to 1O, 11, 12, 1, and then 2 and then 3 O’clock. and then reverse back to 9 O’clock again. Repeat this for your left hand. Perform 3 sets of 5 for each side.

If you have any pain during the exercise or are unsure about what you are doing, consult your local Physiotherapist before continuing. 

Do you have weak shoulders & core stability strength?

Begin with a tall neutral spine posture (imagine there’s a string pulling you tall from your pelvis to the top of your head). Then engage your inner core muscles below your belly button. Then Wrap a resistance band around your upper back and position yourself belly down onto the exercise ball. Reach the index finger to the wall in front of you with the thumb pointing up and hold for a few seconds. Repeat this 10 times on each side for 3 sets. To progress the functional core strength, reach the index finger in front and extend the opposite leg and heel back at the same time. Repeat this for 10 reps on each side for 3 sets each. This exercise is great for increasing functional core strength in swimming, climbing, ultimate frisbee, baseball, volley ball, basketball, Lacrosse and any sports that require strong shoulder and core strength.

Beth Rodden – Climbing Back

Beth Rodden; One of the world’s best rock climbers in the world used a lot of physiotherapy to help with her torn labrum in her shoulder from climbing. 

What is a torn labrum in the shoulder? 

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